Early Christian Creeds

Christianity has produced a number of creeds, confessions, and statements of faith, throughout its long history. Here’s a list of some of the earliest and most significant: The Creed of Aristides (125 AD) Apostles Creed (120 – 250 AD) The Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed (381 AD) The Chalcedonian Creed (451 AD) The Athenasian Creed (298 – 373Continue reading “Early Christian Creeds”

The Nicene Creed

The Nicene Creed, also called the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed, is statement of faith that is accepted as authoritative by the Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Anglican, and major Protestant churches. It summarises a number of beliefs about God, the world, Jesus, salvation, the Holy Spirit, the church, and the last things. Most likely it was issued byContinue reading “The Nicene Creed”

Thoughts on the filioque controversy

I have been thinking about the Filioque controversy. The Orthodox tradition affirms the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father … and nothing need more be said. The Catholic and Protestant traditions affirm the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father AND the Son. I agree with the Orthodox that this AND is problematic as it tends toContinue reading “Thoughts on the filioque controversy”

No Christian Believes Just These Things

I was reading an interview with Tim Keller where he was talking about Christian diversity and the ancient creeds and said, “All Christians believe all these things, but no Christian believes just these things.” What a wonderful summary of Christian diversity I though, emphasising both those words. None of us affirm just the essentials.

Nicene Niggly Bits

I have been revisiting the Nicene Creed recently and something struck me: could it unintentionally encourage Modalism in the minds of some readers?(1) I think the problem is this: on one level the Nicene Creed is an attempt to articulate how the Father (God above us), the Spirit (God within us) and the Son (God amongContinue reading “Nicene Niggly Bits”