The Rothschild Canticles is one of the most unusual illuminated manuscripts to have survived from the Middle Ages. The text was made around 1300 to serve as an aid to mystical devotions in which images played as central a role as the written word. Visionary depictions of the Trinity, the Song of Songs, the Virgin … Continue reading The visionary art of the Rothschild Canticles
I thought I'd clarify why I affirm trinitarian doctrine even though I am no fan of Emperor Constantine, a man historically associated with the Nicene Creed (325AD). It's because, although the Nicene Creed wasn't formulated till then, the trinitarian thinking it articulated hardly appeared out of nowhere. Christian leaders had been expressing themselves in these … Continue reading The Trinity before the Council of Nicea
Although the doctrine of the Trinity is not taught explicitly in scripture, it is the many verses which illustrate the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, acting as one, which bring Christians back, time and time again, to the question. Consider, for instance, this introduction to the first letter to the Thessalonians; the intertwining of references … Continue reading The Trinity in the Bible
Sometimes it's worthwhile to explore the Bible in its original languages. The Hebrew word used for the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament is Ruah. The Greek word used for the Holy Spirit in the New Testament is Pneuma. Both mean Spirit or Breath. So it is quite orthodox to refer to the Holy Spirit … Continue reading Alternative ways of speaking of the Trinity
Traditionally the persons of Trinity have been understood as distinct in terms of their existence but identical in terms of their essence. I find the Trinity Shield (above) is probably the least problematic way of illustrating this.
O Father who sought me O Son who bought me O Holy Spirit who taught me
Three folds of the cloth, yet only one napkin is there, Three joints of the finger, but still only one finger fair, Three leaves of the shamrock, yet no more than one shamrock to wear, Frost, snow-flakes and ice, all water their origin share, Three Persons in God; to one God alone we make our … Continue reading Ancient Irish poem on the Trinity
In his Reflections on Druidic Christology, Rev. Alistair Bate comments that, "As an example of orthodox Christology finding its way into Druidic ceremonial I would like to consider the benediction at the end of the traditional (O.B.O.D.) ritual for Imbolc; 'May the blessing of the Uncreated One, of the Created Word and of the Spirit that … Continue reading Reflections on Druidic Christology
The scriptures refer to the church as the: Household of God; Body of Christ; and Temple of the Holy Spirit Taken together they suggest the identity of the church is intrinsically trinitarian.
I’ve noticed that discussions on the Trinity between Muslims and Christians tend to focus on God and Jesus. But it makes no sense to talk of “Trinity” without also focusing on the third person: the Holy Spirit. In the book of Acts there is an incident where Peter, one of the apostles of Jesus, equates … Continue reading It makes no sense to talk of the Trinity without the Holy Spirit
In theological texts the doctrine of the Trinity is often dealt with as part of Theology Proper. Personally however I find it more logical to deal with it as part of Pneumatology. For it’s not until the Holy Spirit is explored more fully that the relationship between the three persons of the Trinity can be … Continue reading The Holy Spirit and the Trinity