Indian Jewish Art

This curious painting by Indian Jewish artist Siona Benjamin is called Tikkun Olam. In Jewish teachings, Tikkun Olam is any activity that improves the world, bringing it closer to the harmonious state for which it was created. The pale blue female figure, balancing on a lotus flower, is a portrait of the artist herself. With … Continue reading Indian Jewish Art

Angels and Veneration in Ancient Judaism

The following excerpt is from Monotheism, Principal Angels, and the Background of Christology by W. Hurtado, University of Edinburgh. This is a pre-publication version of an invited chapter to appear in The Oxford Handbook to the Dead Sea Scrolls, edited by Timothy H. Lim and John J. Collins. Jewish traditions place stress on God’s uniqueness and … Continue reading Angels and Veneration in Ancient Judaism

Why the laws of Moses aren’t always for Christians

People coming to the Old Testament for the first time often make the assumption that its laws were intended to be universal, for everyone. Such assumptions, however, are misguided, as they aren't always even applicable for Christians. Some laws were for everyone. An example comes from God's covenant with all people through Noah, recounted in … Continue reading Why the laws of Moses aren’t always for Christians

Were the earliest followers of Jesus Jewish or Christian?

Were the early followers of Jesus Jews, not Christians? I have seen this question posed in a number of ways and I would like to suggest the question assumes a dichotomy which is largely false, or at least not so black and white as the question implies. For the truth is the bulk of the … Continue reading Were the earliest followers of Jesus Jewish or Christian?

Did the prophet Jesus consider any food forbidden?

Many have suggested to me that Jesus advocated the same food laws as Mohammed and Moses. The gospel of Mark, however, tells another story: The Pharisees and some of the teachers of the law who had come from Jerusalem gathered around Jesus and saw some of his disciples eating food with hands that were defiled, that is, unwashed. (The … Continue reading Did the prophet Jesus consider any food forbidden?

Who is the Old Testament law for?

When interpreting Old Testament law it's important to recognise who it's for. For while some laws were given to humans in general, other laws were given to the Israelites alone. And while some laws were given to the Israelites in general, other laws were given to the Levitical priests alone. And while some laws were … Continue reading Who is the Old Testament law for?

Is the name of God, YHWH, without vowels?

Some unexpected questions about the Hebrew language came up for me today. While researching Hebrew letter symbolism I came across a reference on Wikipedia which suggested that "In the traditional form, vowels are indicated [in the Hebrew language] by the weak consonants Aleph (א), He (ה), Vav (ו), or Yodh (י) serving as vowel letters … Continue reading Is the name of God, YHWH, without vowels?

How non-Christian was Christ?

I consider it healthy for Christians to recognise that Jesus was a Jew. Given the origins of Christianity, I can only view the anti-Semitism of the past as a kind of religious schizophrenia. Nevertheless, I think the pendulum has swung too far when I hear people denying Christ was Christian in any significant sense at … Continue reading How non-Christian was Christ?